Apple Origins and Dates

Heirloom apple varieties are often extremely difficult to trace down to their original locations and dates. Much of the information offered here is the best educated estimates as determined by two apple history historians, Creighton Lee Calhoun and Daniel J. Bussey. 

This information was drawn from Creighton Lee Calhoun's Old Southern Apples and Old Southern Apples: A Comprehensive History and Description of Varieties for Collectors, Growers, and Fruit Enthusiasts, 2nd Edition and Daniel J. Bussey's 7-volume The Illustrated History of Apples in the United States and Canada.