Apple Index - "I"

Improved Milam (Milam, Harrigan, Blair, Thomas, Milum, Red Milam?, Red Winter Pearmain, Haragan)

shiny red apple with a yellow undertone and medium yellow spots

Description: Fruit small to medium, roundish or slightly oblate, conical; skin smooth, dull greenish yellow, mostly covered with light red, overlaid with indistinct stripes, well-colored apples are almost crimson in the sun; dots small to large, numerous, prominent, gray, often areolar with a russet point. Flesh greenish white, tender, crisp, juicy, slightly coarse, subacid. Ripe September/October and keeps well.

History: Called “a little southern favorite” by Warder (1867) and once widely grown in West Virginia, Virginia, and Kentucky.  The first full description in print of Milam is in an 1846 issue of The Magazine of Horticulture that says, in part: “Probably a native of Virginia or Kentucky where it is extensively cultivated and prized.” An advertisement of nursery stock in a 1798 Virginia newspaper includes “Mylum’s Pearmain,” which certainly is Milam.

Improved Winter Jon (Winter Jon, Winter John, Sour Jon)

yellow apple with a pale pink blush

Description: Fruit medium to above medium, oblong; skin yellow, often with fine netting of russet. Occasionally slightly blushed on the sunny side. High quality eating apple that ripens in October.

Ingram® (Ingraham, Ingram’s Seedling)

red apple with small white spots. Entire fruit covered with a white haze.

Description: Fruit medium or above, roundish but occasionally oblong, conical; skin thick, smooth, almost completely covered with dark red; dots numerous, whitish or russet, sometimes areolar. Flesh tinged yellow, firm, crisp, juicy, aromatic, mild subacid. Ripe October and keeps until February or later.

History: This apple originated before 1855 with Martin Ingram near Springfield, Missouri, and was thought to be a seedling of Rall’s Janet, “same size but higher color.”


small apple approximately 1 inch in diameter. yellowish green with a red blush over much of the fruit

Description: Fruit small to below medium, roundish; skin pale yellow, lightly mottled and striped with pinkish red on the sunny side; dots large, conspicuous, russet. Flesh tinged yellow, juicy, moderately crisp, subacid. Ripe August/September.

History: A family apple prized and nurtured by the Misenheimer family of North Carolina for over a hundred years. Isam originated with Isam Misenheimer (1818-97) who lived and farmed at Misenheimer Springs, Stanley County, near Richfield, North Carolina.