To learn more about apple history or rare apple varieties:
Barry, Patrick, The Fruit Garden. Auburn and Rochester, NY: Alden & Beardsley, 1857. Access The Fruit Garden online here.
Brackett, G. B. The Apple and How to Grow It. USDA Farmers' Bulletin No. 113. Washington, DC, 1900. Access The Apple and How to Grow It online here.
Brooks, Reid M. and H. P. Olmo. Register of New Fruit and Nut Varieties. 2nd edition. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1972.
Browning, Frank. Apples. New York, N.Y. North Point Press, 1998.
Bunker, John. Apples and the Art of Detection. 2019.
Burford, Thomas. Apples – A Catalog of International Varieties. Monroe, Virginia. Printed and Published by Thomas Burford, 1991. Revised 1998.
Calhoun, Jr., Creighton Lee. Old Southern Apples. Blacksburg, Virginia. The McDonald & Woodward Publishing Company, 1995
Calhoun, Creighton Lee Jr. Old Southern Apples: A Comprehensive History and Description of Varieties for Collectors, Growers, and Fruit Enthusiasts. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing, 2010.
Chambliss, C. E. Some Injurious Insects of the Apple. Tennessee Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-27. Knoxville, TN, 1893. Access Some Injurious Insects online here.
Clark, Liz, and Jill Vorbeck. Apple Companion. 1994.
Cole, S. W. The American Fruit Book. Boston: John P. Jewett, 1849. Access The American Fruit Book online here.
Coxe, William. A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees and the Management of Orchards and Cider. Philadelphia, PA. M. Carey and Son. 1817. Access A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees online here.
Dolan, Susan A. Fruitful Legacy: A Historic Context of Orchards in the United States, with Technical Information for Registering Orchards in the National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service, Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation, Pacific West Regional Office, Cultural Resources, Park Historic Structures and Cultural Landscapes Program, 2009. Access A Fruitful Legacy online here.
Downing, Andrew Jackson. The Fruits and Fruit Trees of America. New York: John Wiley, 1854. Access The Fruits and Fruit Trees of America online here.
Elliott, Franklin Reuben. Elliott's Fruit Book. New York: A. O. Moore, 1858. Access Elliott's Fruit Book online here.
Fitz, James. The Southern Apple and Peach Culturist. Richmond, VA: J. W. Randolph & English, 1872. Access The Southern Apple and Peach Culturist online here.
Fraser, Samuel. American Fruits. New York: Orange Judd Publishing Co., Inc., 1931. Access American Fruits online here.
Garner, Robert John. The Grafter’s Handbook. Chelsea Green Publishing, 2013.
Gould, H. D. Orchard Fruits in the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Regions of Virginia and the South Atlantic States. USDA Bulletin No. 135, Washington, DC, 1908. Access Orchard Fruits online here.
Haedrich, Ken. Apple Pie Perfect. Harvard Common Press, 2002.
Hedrick, U. P. A History of Horticulture in America to 1860. New York: Oxford University Press, 1950.
Janson, H. Frederic. Pomona’s Harvest. Timber Press, 2009.
Kains, M. G. Home Fruit Grower. New York: A. T. De La Mare Company, 1918. Access Home Fruit Grower online here.
Kenrick, William. The New American Orchardist. 3rd ed. Boston: Otis, Broaders, and Company, 1841. Access The New American Orchardist online here.
Mackay, Lucy Gertrude. The Housekeeper’s Apple Book. Boston, MA: Little, Brown, and Company, 1918. Access The Housekeeper’s Apple Book online here.
Martin, Alice A. All About Apples. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1976.
Masters, Dave. Interim Report on the Collection and Evaluation of Apples Growing in the Piedmont Area of South Carolina. Fort Mill, South Carolina: Printed by Dave Masters, 2005.
Morgan, Joan and Richards, Alison. The Book of Apples. London. Elbury Press, 1993.
Neighbors, Joyce L. Apples – Collecting Old Southern Varieties. Gadsden, Alabama: Printed and published by Joyce Neighbors, 1998.
Newman, C. C. Notes on Varieties of Apples. South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station of Clemson Agricultural College, Bulletin 109, pp. 6-38. Columbia, SC: The R. L. Bryan Company, 1905. Access Notes on Varieties of Apples online here.
Patent, Greg, and Dorothy Hinshaw Patent. A Is for Apple. Broadway Books, 1999.
Peek, S. W. The Nursery and the Orchard. Atlanta, GA: J. P. Harrison & Co., 1885. Access The Nursery and the Orchard online here.
Ragan, William Henry. Nomenclature of the Apple: A Catalogue of the Known Varieties Referred to in American Publications from 1804-1904. Bulletin No. 56. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture, 1905. Access Nomenclature of the Apple online here.
Rosenstein, Mark, and Chris Rich. In Praise of Apples. Lark Books, 1999.
Sanders, Roseanne. The Apple Book. New York, N.Y. Philosophical Library, 1998.
Sears, Fred C. Productive Orcharding. Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1914. Access Productive Orcharding online here.
Services, North Carolina. Department of Agriculture and Consumer, and North Carolina Apple Growers Association. Old Fashioned Apple Recipes. 2001.
Thomas, John Jacobs. The American Fruit Culturist. 20th ed. New York: William Wood and Company, 1897. Access The American Fruit Culturist online here.
United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Yearbooks (1905, 1907, 1912, 1914, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1923, 1925). U.S. Government.
Upshall, W. H., ed. North American Apples: Varieties, Rootstocks, Outlook. East Lansing, Michigan: Michigan State University Press, 1970.
Warder, John Ashton. American Pomology: Apples. New York: Orange Judd and Company, 1867. Access American Pomology online here.
Waugh, F. A. The American Apple Orchard. New York: Orange Judd and Company, 1909. Access The American Apple Orchard online here.
Whealy, Kent; Editor. Fruit, Berry, and Nut Inventory – Third Edition. Printed and published by Seed Savers Exchange, Inc. Decorah, Iowa, 2001.
White, William N. Gardening for the South. New York: O. Judd Co., 1885. Access Gardening for the South online here.
Woodier, Olwen. Apple Cookbook. Storey Publishing, 2001.
Yepsen, Roger. Apples. New York, N. Y. W.W. Norton & Company, In