During outbreaks of measles, malaria, dysentery, and other contagious illnesses, the hospital isolated ill enslaved people from healthy family members and friends. Physicians attending the plantation's white residents also provided health care for members of the enslaved community. They performed surgeries and tooth extractions and assisted with difficult childbirths. Enslaved nurses and midwives also worked in the hospital and throughout the enslaved community, relying on folk remedies and herbal treatments. The present building is a reconstruction of the hospital.